Praxis & Comps!

I wanted to provide you soon to be SLP’s with some valuable information I used when studying for the Praxis and my Comprehensives.

I purchased The Official Study Guide book from the ETS website for The PRAXIS Series. It was very helpful in outlining what to study for. I started studying in September and took my test in early November. I passed on the first try! You can too! Just get organized and study early!

Also, with much research from a friend and her brother, they found a book called An Advanced Review of Speech Language Pathology. My purchased copy was around $100 (used) because I looked into great detail with the reviews with the least amount of highlights and markings in the book. I purchased it from Amazon. Many of my cohorts purchased the same book and found it very helpful. I would say the book ranged from $70-120. It is well worth the purchase! It is beneficial when studying for both your Comprehensives and the Praxis.

I hope this helps! Good luck!


Cycles Approach and R Therapy

Cycles Approach and R Therapy


Oh Em G! Followers! Check out this site! Expressions Speech and Language Center is like you have struck gold!

One my professors recently emailed this link to my cohorts and me! This has everything you can imagine for the Cycles Approach or if you are in desperate need for ideas on how to correct that /r/ sound!

Make sure you share this information with all your speechie friends!! Have fun!

On this Veterans Day



On this Veteran’s Day (which was really yesterday), I would like to honor everyone who has served or is serving our country. Thank you for your strength, love, sacrifice and dedication. 

Many of us have the day off from school or work. Please take a moment to appreciate the small things surrounding us that we are fortunate enough to have and thank a Veteran! 


Auditory Processing Disorder & The SCAN-A

›In my new internship at a private practice, I have a client who has an auditory processing disorder. I did not know much about it. I did some research and this is what I came up with.
An auditory processing disorder is defined by “the inability or impaired ability to attend to, discriminate, recognize, remember, or comprehend information presented auditorily, even though the individual has normal intelligence and hearing acuity.” An auditory processing disorder reflects difficulty in the processing of auditory information at the brain stem and cortical levels. It is a disorder manifested by individuals who have communication or learning problems as a result of difficulties in listening.
I administered the SCAN-A, which is A Test for Auditory Processing Disorders in Adolescents and Adults. It is great! It can be used for the following:
  • ›Planning vocational, educational and remediation goals for individuals with learning disabilities.
  • ›Monitor recovery
  • Provide an outline for counseling families.Image
  • In a nutshell :  The screener takes approximately 20 minutes, requires: Stereo cassette player, 2 sets of headphones, and a Y adapter. IMPORTANT: Make sure the left and right headphones are on the correct ear, and that the test is administered in a quiet room. Record any noticed behaviors throughout the test. Scoring: Correct Response: + (plus) next to stimulus word Incorrect Response: – (minus) word substitutions, phonemic substitutions, or omitted words can also receive an incorrect mark.
  • Advantages with the SCAN-A:
  • ›Short and sweet!
  • Helps the clinician to identify strengths and weaknesses in auditory processing abilities.
  • Provides insight not only for the individual, but also the clinician and caregivers on how to manage the environment and provide a better listening situation for the individual.
  • Can provide information about the integrity of the auditory system. 
  • Gardner, M. F. (1994). Test of Auditory-Perceptual   Skills: Upper Level. Novato, CA: Academic   Therapy Publications.
  • Keith, R. W. (1986). SCAN: A A screening test for   auditory processing disorders. San Antonio, TX:   The Psychological corporation.
  • Keith, R. W., & Pensak, M. L. (1991, February).   Central auditory function. Otolaryngology   Clinics of North America, 24 (2), 371-379.
  • Matkin N., & Hook, P. (1983). A multidisciplinary   approach to central auditory evaluations.   In E. Lasky & J. Katz (Eds.), Central Auditory   Processing Disorders (p. 241). Baltimore:   University Park Press.

‘Sum up’ the Summer


Hey all! It has been a while since I have updated the blog! Apologies!

I must say, my internship at Feather River Hospital in Paradise, California was absolutely amazing! I hate to brag… but I am going to. In my personal opinion, this internship is one of the best hospital placements because I was able to collect over 120 hours in home health, outpatient and inpatient. I learned more than I imagined in only ten weeks. I was able to finally apply my hard work of countless hours studying, toward real life situations with individuals who were so appreciative for the time and energy I put into their therapy. In a nutshell I was able to experience the following:

  • Bedside swallow evaluations
  • Assessments for dementia
  • Assessments for aphasia
  • Video-fluoroscopic swallow studies
  • Thermal stimulation
  • Techniques and precautions for swallowing
  • Learning about least restrictive diets (consistencies) for patients
  • Medical report writing
  • Diagnostic team meetings for Home Health (OTs, PTs, STs and Nurses are all involved)
  • Bedside Manner 
  • Therapy for ALS
  • Therapy for dementia
  • Therapy for aphasia
  • Therapy for dysphagia
  • Cognition therapy
  • and much much more!!!

I was also fortunate to have two supervisors for the summer. This was great to interact with both in separate settings, as well as observe their unique clinician skills.

Week 3 of my summer internship…

Week 3 has come and gone, now on to week 4. 

Just to recap, last week (once again) was amazing! I can’t get over how much I love working in the hospital setting. My patients are amazing, and are so thankful for the therapy. I learn so much from every one of my patients. They bring so many wonderful learning experiences not only for them, but especially for me. 

I was introduced to a handful of individuals presenting with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Although I have read numerous books on this degenerative disease, I have learned a great deal from one-on-one experience as a clinician. Each patient presented in different stages. My supervisor sent me on a mission to investigate therapy for our ‘early stage’ patients.

All throughout my studies of an undergraduate and graduate, my professor has really put an emphasis on Michelle Bourgeois and her famous “Memory Books.” I actually found her book called, Memory Books and Other Graphic Cuing Systems in my supervisors library. It can be purchased on for only $19.77!!

Michelle Bourgeois has very useful ideas for memory aids to help a person presenting with AD utilize compensatory strategies when dealing with the different stages. She also provides great literature for the caregivers. I would recommend this book to anyone who needs, wants, or is interested in finding new ways to help in this situation for our loved ones. Michelle Bourgeois has published numerous research articles and training manuals. In her book she gives the reader many options and explains how to use these strategies.


Super Dad-iBook by Shoo Rayner

Super Dad-iBook by Shoo Rayner

I thought this blog post from the iMums was perfect for this weekend to celebrate Father’s Day Weekend! They are having a giveaway that ends tomorrow! The giveaway for an iBook is called Super Dad by Shoo Rayner, it is a very cute story about a child who loves his father. There is an important message in the story and includes amazing illustrations! Check it out!!!